** Click the commandment to read and hear more! **
- To know that G-d exists (Ex. 20:2; Deut. 5:6).
- Not to entertain the idea that there is any god but the Eternal (Ex. 20:3).
- Not to blaspheme (Ex. 22:27; in Christian texts, Ex. 22:28), the penalty for which is death (Lev. 24:16).
- To hallow G-d's name (Lev. 22:32).
- Not to profane G-d's name (Lev. 22:32).
- To know that G-d is One, a complete Unity (Deut. 6:4).
- To love G-d (Deut. 6:5).
- To fear Him reverently (Deut. 6:13; 10:20).
- Not to put the word of G-d to the test (Deut. 6:16).
- To imitate His good and upright ways (Deut. 28:9).
- To honor the old and the wise (Lev. 19:32).
- To learn Torah and to teach it (Deut. 6:7).
- To cleave to those who know Him (Deut. 10:20) (the Talmud states that cleaving to scholars is equivalent to cleaving to Him).
to add to the commandments of the Torah, whether in the Written Law or
in its interpretation received by tradition (Deut. 13:1).
- Not to take away from the commandments of the Torah (Deut. 13:1).
- That every person shall write a scroll of the Torah for himself (Deut. 31:19).
Signs and Symbols
- To circumcise the male offspring (Gen. 17:12; Lev. 12:3).
- To put tzitzit on the corners of clothing (Num. 15:38).
- To bind tefillin on the head (Deut. 6:8).
- To bind tefillin on the arm (Deut. 6:8).
- To affix the mezuzah to the doorposts and gates of your house (Deut. 6:9).
Prayer and Blessings
- To pray to G-d (Ex. 23:25; Deut. 6:13) (according to the Talmud, the word "serve" in these verses refers to prayer).
- To read the Shema in the morning and at night (Deut. 6:7).
- To recite grace after meals (Deut. 8:10).
- Not to lay down a stone for worship (Lev. 26:1).
Love and Brotherhood
- To love all human beings who are of the covenant (Lev. 19:18).
- Not to stand by idly when a human life is in danger (Lev. 19:16).
- Not to wrong any one in speech (Lev. 25:17).
- Not to carry tales (Lev. 19:16).
- Not to cherish hatred in one's heart (Lev. 19:17).
- Not to take revenge (Lev. 19:18).
- Not to bear a grudge (Lev. 19:18).
- Not to put any Jew to shame (Lev. 19:17).
to curse any other Israelite (Lev. 19:14) (by implication: if you may
not curse those who cannot hear, you certainly may not curse those who
- Not to give occasion to the simple-minded to stumble on
the road (Lev. 19:14) (this includes doing anything that will cause
another to sin).
- To rebuke the sinner (Lev. 19:17).
- To relieve a neighbor of his burden and help to unload his beast (Ex. 23:5).
- To assist in replacing the load upon a neighbor's beast (Deut. 22:4).
- Not to leave a beast, that has fallen down beneath its burden, unaided (Deut. 22:4).
copyright 2017 Tom Wise. All rights reserved.